Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to differentiate interviews as a technique of gathering information and interviewing as being a genre. In the 1st case, meeting, that is, communication with individuals, is regarded as three straight ways to acquire information by a researcher. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, when the researcher himself can be an eyewitness of this event,
  • working together with papers, where in fact the document means any product carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are divided into:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within legit the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed when you look at the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative will find out into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview as a genre, being a real means of text formatting in the shape of questions from the interviewer as well as the responses of this interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the range questions for the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), during the other pole – a conversation, if the journalist not merely asks concerns, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the interview is a conversation, shows about the same amount of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Within the typical interview, the interviewer responses simply take 70-90% associated with the text. A discussion may be conducted by way of a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to readers, because the opinion for the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks just as much or even more in a job interview being an interlocutor, this really is an indication of insufficient certification.

Types of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject meeting

Depending on the subject, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in every field of activity. Usually this might be a job interview with a specialist, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist exactly as much as he could be connected with this situation. For instance, an officer informs simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains how to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast how long the crisis will likely to be on the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling for the interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there’s a parsing for the topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject meeting finishes aided by the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to visitors.

The hero associated with the topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. It is a given information interview, one of many news genres. The duty associated with the journalist would be to learn whenever possible the information and information on just what happened. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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